The Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) is a species in decline, classified as near threatened (NT) worldwide, and vulnerable (VU) in Norway. In Akershus county, southeastern Norway, the population of breeding Eurasian Curlews was estimated at 50-60 pairs in 1982. No recent update exists of this population size estimate. In this study, we assessed the population size in 2017 in Akershus, and examined how the population size changed between 1971 and 2017 by using historical observation records of Eurasian Curlews. We estimated that there were 30 territories in Akershus in 2017 and found that the population declined by 47% since 1995 and 77% since 1971. In the period 1995-2017, the yearly rate of decline was 2.8%. We discuss possible reasons for the decline, such as intensive agricultural practices, high nest predation rates, and large-scale threats on the wintering grounds.